According to González-Ruano, the streets in Arcos constitute a great sampler of whole Andalucía, That is the reason why discovering the old town requires some time. Several quarters from different centuries lived in these streets, Arabs and Jewish corners mix with other Renaissance, 18th century style and Romantic ones.
There is also, as the brothers de las Cuevas remind us," an intangible piece from the 16th and 17th century enveloped in silence..". That is the Arcos of the Knights, the one of the large and crested houses, "taken from foundation and carved. Visit it, understand the hidalgo, notorious nobility, cultivated and dumped in abundance, the deserved coats of arms presiding the façades"
Some streets to get lost:
Slope of Bethlehem (Old Jerez Gate)
This street takes its name from the pointed-shaped image of a virgin from the fifteenth century, which was located in a niche on the inside of the ruined Jerez Gate. On this street, near the Hospital of San Juan de Dios, was one of the three gates into the city, dating back to Moorish times, with three arches, a fortification wall of double thickness, a barbican, a moat and a drawbridge. On the lintel, the coat of arms of Arcos (today on the façade of the Town Hall). In 1852, this gate was demolished under the pretext that it interrupted the line of a winding street; some artists witnessed the demolition (Madrazo, Parcerissa) and described it - with good reason - as an act of vandalism.
Calle Nueva (New Street)
It was the ancient moat of the Castle until, in 1755, the Lisbon earthquake knocked down the north wall, leading to the formation of this street. The archway of the street was built in 1684. Of deep poetic flavour: this was where, in 1949, the renowned poetic group "Alcaraván" was founded.
Callejón de las Monjas
Deep alley open between the Convent of the Incarnation and the rear of Minor Basilica of Santa María
It is worth to walk along these streets full of local color. There are several noble houses in it.
Cuesta del Socorro
It is called that way because there used to be there a hermitage dedicated to de Virgin of El Socorro, today disappeared. It is picturesque and steep hill which hides surprises such as the balcony round the corner opposite Cadenas Street. Through this street, you will get as Pio Baroja did to “solitary streets white houses with bars…"
Calle Juan de cuenca
This street is known as jasmine Street. There is a crested mansion which belonged to Juan de Cuenca y Farfán de los Godos. Going downs the street we find the original noble house of the Marquises de Torresoto, where one of the three great gatherings in Arcos in 1861 was celebrated. And finally, we find a beautiful blue tile of Saint Joseph from the 18th century.
Cadenas (chains) Street took its name from the chains which were put in the doorway of the Yuste de la Torre´s house as a reminder of the visit and staying of Sancho IV.
Calle Cuna(Cot Street)
So named because it includes the entrance of the foundation for abandoned children. Situated in this street was the old granary established by the Catholic Monarchs. The street was chosen by M. Utrillo to be reproduced in the "Spanish Village" of Barcelona.
Winding street that leads you to the Matrera Gate.
And many other streets and alleys that keeps the essence of this white town: Piedra del Molino Street, Altozano Street, San Juan Street, Cuesta de las Monjas…